The First Test for 2016 Fishing Limits in Europe's Waters

EU Commission proposal for Baltic Sea stocks to be considered by fisheries ministers

The European Commission’s proposal for fishing limits in the Baltic Sea for 2016 provides an important test of European leaders’ commitment to implementing the reformed Common Fisheries Policy (CFP).

The Commission is charged with putting the CFP into effect and, as part of that duty, with proposing limits for fishing in European waters that end overfishing and allow overfished stocks to recover.  The limits are then set by the Fisheries Council, made up of ministers responsible for fisheries from the 28 member states.

EC HQ© iStockphoto

European flags in front of the European Commission headquarters in Brussels.

The Commission proposes these limits each year, first for the Baltic and then for the waters of the north-east Atlantic and adjacent waters. So the Baltic proposal, released in September, is a bellwether for the Commission’s ambition to meet the CFP’s objectives without delay or dilution. Fisheries ministers will meet on 22 and 23 October to consider the proposals.

Typically, the proposal for the Baltic includes 10 fishing limits, known as total allowable catches (TACs), for various fish stocks. The Commission’s proposal mostly follows scientific advice, which is good news. However, this year the Commission has proposed only nine limits, with no advice for western cod.  In the absence of any proposal, fisheries ministers will have to negotiate a fishing limit for this stock amongst themselves.

Eight of the proposed TACs do not exceed the scientific advice requested from the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES). These include TACs for herring, plaice, sprat, and salmon.

For one TAC, eastern cod, the Commission has proposed a fishing limit that is much higher than the level advised by ICES, which recommended a maximum of 29,220 tonnes. The Commission’s proposal is for 41,143 tonnes. Not only is this figure considerably above the advice, but it may well exceed the amount of fish that fishermen are able to catch. For example, German fishermen in 2014 landed only 15 percent of the quota allocated to them for eastern cod. So, although the European Commission has proposed that the vast majority of TACs for the Baltic in 2016 follow scientific advice—in line with the objectives of the CFP, it is still not proposing limits that end overfishing in all cases.

Fisheries ministers have a record of legislating overfishing. To reverse this, the Commission must play its part and propose fishing limits that are fully in line with the CFP.

The Commission almost hit the mark when proposing limits for Baltic fisheries; we expect an even better proposal for the north-east Atlantic in the coming weeks.

Andrew Clayton directs Pew’s efforts to end overfishing in north-western Europe.

National Homeownership Month

Composite image of modern city network communication concept

Learn the Basics of Broadband from Our Limited Series

Sign up for our four-week email course on Broadband Basics

Quick View

How does broadband internet reach our homes, phones, and tablets? What kind of infrastructure connects us all together? What are the major barriers to broadband access for American communities?

Pills illustration
Pills illustration

What Is Antibiotic Resistance—and How Can We Fight It?

Sign up for our four-week email series The Race Against Resistance.

Quick View

Antibiotic-resistant bacteria, also known as “superbugs,” are a major threat to modern medicine. But how does resistance work, and what can we do to slow the spread? Read personal stories, expert accounts, and more for the answers to those questions in our four-week email series: Slowing Superbugs.