The United States is the oldest continuous democracy in the world, and a model and inspiration for other nations seeking to build democratic institutions. One of the core pillars of American liberty is a free press. Pew conducts opinion surveys that track public attitudes toward the press and politics. At the same time, Pew issues major reports that examine long-term trends in the political values of Americans, as well as their views on policy issues and priorities, political knowledge, and news interest.
September 30, 2021 Charting Congress on Social Media in the 2016 and 2020 Elections

The 2020 election featured dramatic increases in lawmaker posts and audience engagement, but less overlap in the sources shared by members of each party.

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September 30, 2021 Methodology

To conduct this analysis, researchers collected every Facebook post and tweet created between Sept. 8, 2016 and Dec. 8, 2016, and Sept. 3, 2020 and Dec. 3, 2020, by any accounts managed by every voting member of the U.S. Senate and House of Representatives. Researchers used the Facebook Graph API, CrowdTangle2 API and Twitter API […]

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September 30, 2021 Acknowledgments

This report was made possible by The Pew Charitable Trusts. Pew Research Center is a subsidiary of the Pew Charitable Trusts, its primary funder. This report is a collaborative effort based on the input and analysis of the following individuals. Primary researchers Sono Shah, Computational Social ScientistRegina Widjaya, Computational Social ScientistAaron Smith, Director of Data […]

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September 28, 2021 Acknowledgements

This report is a collaborative effort based on the input and analysis of the following individuals: Research team Carroll Doherty, Director, Political ResearchJocelyn Kiley, Associate Director, Political ResearchBaxter Oliphant, Senior ResearcherBradley Jones, Senior ResearcherAndrew Daniller, Research AssociateHannah Hartig, Research AssociateAmina Dunn, Research AnalystTed Van Green, Research AnalystVianney Gomez, Research Assistant Communications and editorial Nida Asheer, […]

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September 28, 2021 Methodology

Overview The American Trends Panel (ATP), created by Pew Research Center, is a nationally representative panel of randomly selected U.S. adults. Panelists participate via self-administered web surveys. Panelists who do not have internet access at home are provided with a tablet and wireless internet connection. Interviews are conducted in both English and Spanish. The panel […]

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September 23, 2021 Appendix: Defining income tiers

To create upper-, middle- and lower-income tiers, respondents’ 2020 family incomes were adjusted for differences in purchasing power by geographic region and household size. “Middle-income” adults live in families with annual incomes that are two-thirds to double the median family income in the panel (after incomes have been adjusted for the local cost of living […]

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