Ending Illegal Fishing Project

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Working to ensure a sustainable future for our oceans by combating illegal, unregulated and unreported fishing around the world.

Illegal fishing is a major threat to the sustainability of the world’s fisheries. Some estimates are that illegal and unreported fishing accounts for up to $23.5 billion worth of fish annually worldwide, and up to 20 percent of all of the wild marine fish caught globally. In some parts of the world, the situation is even more dire. For example, fisheries scientists estimate that illegal fishing accounts for up to 40 percent of fish caught in West Africa.

Pressure on the world’s fish stocks is at an all-time high. Fishing fleets utilize modern technology and massive vessels to fish in places that until recently were out of reach because they were too deep, remote, or dangerous to exploit.

How mandatory IMO numbers will help end illegal fishing.

Fleets now pursue and catch fish in virtually every part of the world’s ocean. Massive processing vessels—floating factories that process, freeze, and transport fish in huge quantities—allow fishing vessels to offload catch at sea and continue fishing with alarmingly little downtime. The result is what some call “the last buffalo hunt”—too many fishing vessels chasing a dwindling number of fish that have nowhere to hide.

Most industrial fishing operations act within the law, but some take to the seas fully intending to steal fish. They do this in various ways, including failing to report catch, using illegal fishing gear, fishing without licenses, and even painting new names on their vessels while at sea to avoid detection by authorities. And they do it wherever they think they can get away with it, both within the exclusive economic zones (EEZs) of coastal states and on the high seas. In many cases, the theft is made easy by patchwork regulation of fishing areas and weak enforcement at sea and in ports.

The Port State Measures Agreement: A major weapon in the fight against illegal fishing.

Our Work

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  • Implementing the Port State Measures Agreement

    In cooperation with the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD), through its Stop Illegal Fishing (SIF)Working Group, and six African countries,1 Pew has supported the development of a capacity needs assessment(CNA) methodology, part of a set of tools that we have committed to help develop to ensure that States havethe necessary instruments to effectively implement the PSMA and can... Read More

  • Tracking Fishing Vessels Around the Globe

    Two decades after satellite-based vessel monitoring systems (VMS) began taking on an increased role in fisheries management—because of their ability to track the location and monitor the activities of fishing vessels around the world—new technologies are allowing these systems to be fully integrated into fisheries management plans. Today, VMS have become a critical tool in the global... Read More

  • Seafood Supply Chain Is Key in Efforts to End Illegal Fishing

    I have written before about how the increasing global demand for seafood poses challenges for fisheries management. I've also addressed how illegal fishing is compounding those issues, degrading important marine ecosystems, and harming coastal residents and law-abiding fishers around the world. Read More

Meet the Team

Learn about Pew's staff working to combat illegal fishing.

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Media Contact

Kimberly Vosburgh

Communications

202.540.6372