Antibiotics are fundamental to modern medicine, essential for treating everything from routine skin infections to strep throat, and for protecting vulnerable patients receiving chemotherapy or being treated in intensive care units. But the proliferation of antibiotic-resistant bacteria—a result of decades of overuse in animal agriculture and human medicine combined with a lack of new drug development and innovation—has placed humanity on the precipice of what public health leaders call a “post-antibiotic” world in which even the most simple surgical procedure could have deadly consequences.
Although antibiotic resistance is not a new problem, its scope now constitutes a major threat to human health. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, at least 2 million Americans fall sick every year with antibiotic-resistant infections—and 23,000 die.
Medical and public health experts agree that addressing antibiotic resistance requires measures that will ensure both the prudent use of existing drugs and a robust pipeline of new drugs. Pew's antibiotic resistance project supports policies that would:
- Spur the creation of new antibiotics by removing the regulatory, economic, and scientific obstacles that impede antibiotic discovery and development.
- Establish stewardship programs to ensure that antibiotics are prescribed only when necessary in human health care settings.
- End the overuse of antibiotics in food animals.
On May 21, the U.S. House moved forward with legislation that would help get new, much-needed antibiotics to patients with serious or life-threatening antibiotic-resistant infections. Read More
The Antibiotic Development to Advance Patient Treatment (ADAPT) Act, originally introduced in 2013, was recently included as part of the 21st Century Cures Act, the wide-ranging health care bill approved by the House Energy and Commerce Committee on May 21. ADAPT, along with companion legislation in the Senate (the Promise for Antibiotics and Therapeutics for Health, or PATH, Act) would require... Read More
The Pew Charitable Trusts today commended Wal-Mart for announcing that it will ask all its suppliers of meat, poultry, seafood, dairy, and eggs to adopt and implement the American Veterinary Medical Association’s principles on the judicious use of antibiotics. The suppliers will provide Wal-Mart and the public with regular updates of antibiotic use in their food production. Read More