Phillip Oliff is a research manager for Pew’s fiscal federalism initiative, examining the fiscal and policy relationships between the federal and state governments.
As a lead researcher, Oliff oversees development of a range of analyses that explore and explain the various aspects of the state-federal relationship with a focus on the funding of higher education and surface transportation.
Oliff previously was a policy analyst at the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, where he authored reports on topics including education finance, state tax policy, states’ post-recession fiscal conditions, and the impact of emergency federal aid on state budgets. He served as a Hugh L. Carey fellow with the New York State Division of the Budget, focusing on education finance and property tax reform. He has also been an educator in the United States and Japan.
Oliff holds a bachelor’s degree from Wesleyan University’s College of Social Studies and a master’s degree in public policy from Harvard University’s John F. Kennedy School of Government.
Recent WorkView All
For many Americans in colder regions of the country, winter brings plunging temperatures and spiking heating bills. The low-income home energy assistance program, or LIHEAP, administered by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, provides federal block-grant funding that states can use to help offset heating or cooling energy costs for their low-income residents. Read More
Medicaid is by far the largest federal grant to states, accounting for 67 percent of total grant funding in 2017. The next-largest funding area is income security (temporary cash assistance, employment services, school-provided meals, and similar programs), which at 13 percent is one-fifth the size of Medicaid. Medicaid was the main driver of the 40 percent increase in total federal grants to... Read More
Federal grants to states are about 40 percent higher overall, after adjusting for inflation, than they were in 2008,when the recession began, but that growth has not been steady. Federal stimulus aid to states resulted in a spikeduring and immediately after the recession, with total grants increasing by 56 percent in the first year after theAmerican Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. By 2013,... Read More