Port State Measures

Port State Measures

Can one international treaty help reverse years of rampant and widespread disregard for fisheries laws and policies? We believe the answer is yes, but a treaty is only as good as the parties that ratify and enforce it.

The treaty in question is the Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing, commonly called the Port State Measures Agreement, or the PSMA.

Adopted in 2009 by the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization, or FAO, the treaty requires parties to strengthen and harmonize port controls for foreign-flagged vessels, and as a result to keep illegal, unreported, and unregulated, or IUU, fish out of the world’s markets.

Ports known for lax law enforcement or limited inspection capacity are a prime pathway for unethical fishermen to get their catch from ship to shelf. Port States enforcing the treaty will refuse port entry or access to port services, including landing and transshipment of fish, to foreign-flagged vessels known to have engaged in IUU fishing. For this reason, Pew is encouraging all port States to ratify and implement the PSMA.

Data Visualization

Three Treaties to End Illegal Fishing

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Data Visualization

To support efforts to end illegal fishing, The Pew Charitable Trusts advocates for the harmonized implementation of three international agreements that seek to make it more difficult for unscrupulous operators to exploit gaps in national and regional fishing regulations.

Issue Brief

The Port State Measures Agreement

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Issue Brief

The Port State Measures Agreement

Cuando el Acuerdo sobre medidas del Estado rector del puerto (AMEP) entró en vigor en 2016, las Naciones Unidas lo consideraron como el principio de una nueva era en la lucha contra la pesca ilegal, no declarada y no reglamentada (INDNR). Más de 25 gobiernos han ratificado el tratado o se han adherido a él de alguna manera y, de este modo, han sobrepasado el umbral necesario para que entre en vigor. Desde entonces, la cantidad se ha más que duplicado. Sin embargo, ¿puede un tratado crear un mecanismo lo suficientemente fuerte como para combatir la extensa desatención de las políticas y la reglamentación de las pesquerías? Creemos que la respuesta es afirmativa, pero la solidez del acuerdo depende de las partes que se adhieren a él y lo cumplen.

Additional Resources

Issue Brief

Study Measures Countries’ Exposure to Illegal Catch, Actions to Keep It From Markets

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Issue Brief

Study Measures Countries’ Exposure to Illegal Catch, Actions to Keep It From Markets

Las medidas del Estado Rector del Puerto son un aspecto fundamental de la posible solución a la pesca ilegal, no declarada y no reglamentada (INDNR), una de las mayores amenazas para la salud oceánica.

EIFP PSMA Explainer