Sustain vibrant marine ecosystems and coastal communities
Ocean health along the U.S. West Coast
Promoting an ecosystem-based approach to fishery management along the U.S. West Coast by making sure we leave enough forage fish in the water as critical prey for marine wildlife; protecting ecologically sensitive areas from deep-sea corals on the ocean bottom to seabird foraging hot spots on the surface; and reducing the number of animals unintentionally killed by indiscriminate types of fishing gear.
Pew works to promote ocean health along the U.S. West Coast. We work to conserve forage fish as critical prey for marine wildlife; protect ecologically sensitive areas, from pristine deep-sea corals on the ocean bottom to hot spots where foraging seabirds congregate on the surface; and reduce the number of animals killed unintentionally in fishing gear, commonly referred to as bycatch.
The Pacific Ocean supports a vibrant West Coast fishing industry, both for people who fish for a living and for sport. The upwelling of cold, nutrient-rich water from ocean depths creates such a rich and diverse hot spot of marine life, the California Current has been termed a marine Serengeti. By promoting an ecosystem-based approach to fishery management, we can sustain vibrant marine ecosystems and the coastal communities those systems support.
Conserving forage fish
Thriving ocean ecosystems rely on plenty of oil-rich forage fish such as sardines, anchovies and herring. These small schooling fish occupy the crucial midpoint of the ocean food web and are preyed upon by many species of seabirds, marine mammals and commercially and recreationally important fish such as salmon, tuna, groundfish and other predators.
Many of these forage populations are not monitored or managed, and fishing regulations do not explicitly account for their value as a crucial food source for top predators. Developing a new approach, one that balances the needs of an ecosystem as a whole, will ensure that we maintain the food base that is vital for a healthy ocean and sustainable fishing industry.
Protecting ocean habitat
A healthy ecosystem means protecting ecologically sensitive areas of seafloor such as sponges and deep-sea corals. These areas, in turn, support an abundance of groundfish that makes sustainable fishing possible. As we continue to learn more about habitat deep beneath the surface, we must take care to protect these places from damaging fishing practices, such as heavy nets that scrape across deep-sea corals.
Reducing wasteful bycatch
West Coast residents take pride in managing natural resources sustainably. However, many would be surprised to learn that off the California coast, thousands of animals are unnecessarily entangled and killed by an indiscriminate form of fishing gear targeting swordfish and thresher sharks. Nets as long as a mile, submerged at night for hours at a time, sweep up plenty of animals the fishermen never intended to catch – including whales, leatherback sea turtles, blue sharks, dolphins, and many species of fish.
Forage Fish in the California Current
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Ever since California approved the use of drift gillnets to catch swordfish in the early 1980s, the fishery has been tangled in controversy because of the damage this gear causes ocean ecosystems. Read More
A new economic analysis concludes that deep-set buoy gear—innovative equipment for catching swordfish that minimizes the catch of nontarget species such as dolphins and sea lions—can be profitable for fishermen and provide a volume of locally caught swordfish comparable to the predominant method, drift gillnets. These findings come as the Pacific Fishery Management Council is... Read More
Journey just off the U.S. West Coast and things quickly get deep. Within 20 to 50 miles of shore in most places, but as few as 2 or 3 miles in others, the North American shelf gives way to the continental slope, which drops to depths of 3 kilometers or more. This vast expanse of ocean floor at first glance appears as barren, desolate mud. Yet even at the extreme depths below 3,500 meters, the... Read More
Reasons major U.S. fishing law should shift to big picture management