Outback Australia


The Pew Charitable Trusts works with Aboriginal people, scientists, conservation organisations, industry, and government agencies to conserve Australia’s critical natural landscapes and marine habitats. These efforts include advocating for the inclusion of new areas in the National Reserve System, such as national parks and Indigenous Protected Areas; the funding of conservation management activities; and the creation of sanctuaries for marine life.

Australia’s Outback is the country’s vast, wild, beautiful heartland. It is a region of stark contrasts, alternately lush and inhospitable. It supports people, jobs, and economies as well as a landscape rich in biodiversity and filled with some of the world’s most unusual plants and animals.

The Outback is one of the few large-scale natural regions left on Earth, and the oceans that surround Australia are no less exceptional. The waters off the Kimberley coast provide a large and healthy haven for sharks, dolphins, turtles, whales, and dugong—a mammal closely related to the manatee. In fact, approximately 9 out of 10 marine species found along the southwest coast live only in that area. The Coral Sea, next to the Great Barrier Reef, is one of the world’s last refuges for ocean giants such as tuna and billfish; its reef systems, such as the Osprey, remain healthy and intact.

Our Work

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  • Combating Invasive Species

    Australia faces an extinction crisis, leading the world in the number of plants and mammals lost. Since European settlement 225 years ago, at least 30 native mammal species have disappeared. To place this number in a global context, 35 per cent of mammal extinctions in the past 400 years have occurred in Australia. And much of the loss of native mammal fauna is due to predation by feral animals... Read More

  • Why the Outback Needs More People

    The health of the Australian Outback depends on having more people living there and actively managing it. Read More

  • Populate or Perish

    Conservationists often reasonably assume that as the world’s human population continues to grow, the spaces for nature are shrinking. But in outback Australia, a key challenge for the survival of our native wildlife is the opposite: there are not enough people. Read More

Creating a Modern Outback

Media Contact

Paul Sheridan

Manager, Communications