Decision makers at all levels are using the fast-growing field of HIA to take health into account when making decisions in a broad range of sectors, including agriculture, education, energy and budgeting, in all types of locations--rural, suburban, and urban, local, regional or statewide. HIAs use a flexible, data-driven approach that identifies the health consequences of new policies and develops practical strategies to enhance their health benefits and minimize adverse effects.
HIA helps identify and address the health impacts of policies and decisions in non-health sectors, such as building a major roadway, planning a city’s growth, or developing agricultural policy. An HIA includes practical strategies to enhance their health benefits and minimize adverse effects. A strong HIA acknowledges the trade-offs and potential costs and benefits of various options.