The Relationship Between Community Development and Health
Health impact assessment can be a useful tool to address a range of health-related areas in the community development sector, including economic development, infrastructure, community organizing, and access to resources. This figure illustrates the connections among these factors and health.
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Only about 5 percent of health impact assessments in the United States have examined federal policies, partly due to challenges in studying national programs. The Kids’ Safe and Healthful Foods Project, a collaboration between the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and The Pew Charitable Trusts, broke ground with a report it released last month that analyzed the effects of proposed nutrition... Read More
Appalachia is defined by a rich cultural heritage and a mountainous landscape crisscrossed by thousands of rivers and streams, resources that can be harnessed to develop sectors such as tourism and recreation. However, the region is still beset by economic strains that affect the health of its people. A study published in the journal Health Affairs in August shows that life expectancy in... Read More
Over the past two decades, health impact assessments (HIAs) have been used by decision-makers in the United States in a variety of sectors, including transportation, education, housing, community development, and energy. These HIAs have provided valuable recommendations on ways to minimize the negative consequences and maximize the benefits of proposed projects and policies. With hundreds... Read More
How the HIA process can align sectors in pursuit of shared goals