Data Visualization

Penguins Trends and Threats

The threats facing penguins vary in intensity and frequency among the species.

This interactive graphic shows population sizes and trends as well as moderate and major threats for 18 penguin species.

Learn more by watching our new video, Penguin Conservation and Science Featured in Biologists' Book.

Penguins serve as marine sentinels because the health of their populations signals changing conditions in the ocean and on land. The 18 penguin species are affected by environmental pressures with varying intensity. Here you can see each species, its population size, and the threats it faces, plus its IUCN* ranking, based on factors such as population trajectory, geographic range, and current population size.
* International Union for Conservation of Nature