Spanning the North American continent east to west, and from the Great Lakes north to the top of the world, Canada is one of the largest countries and has the longest shoreline on Earth. Its lands and oceans include wetlands, peatlands, and forest; the icy waters of the Arctic; deep-water trenches off the west coast that host unique methane-based plants and animals; and Atlantic coast whale migration routes that connect waters off Florida in the southeastern U.S. to the Hudson Bay.
Together, Canada’s crown lands and those of Indigenous communities account for 20% of the world’s freshwater and 25% of its wetlands. And the “Amazon of the North,” as the boreal forest is known, provides a carbon sink that helps keep the global climate temperate.
Take this quiz to learn more about the unique biodiversity found within Canada and why it is so important to protect the lands, watersheds, and oceans that support it.