Philadelphia’s Department of Public Health estimated the number of drug overdose deaths in the city in 2017 at 1,200—nearly double the total from just three years earlier.¹ The increase is being driven by rising opioid misuse and dependence: More than 80 percent of Philadelphia’s drug-related deaths in 2016 involved opioids, a significant change from 15 or 20 years ago, when other drugs, such as cocaine, accounted for about a third of deaths.²
Among the nation’s 44 counties with at least 1 million residents, Philadelphia’s rate of overdose deaths was the second highest in 2016, trailing only Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, which includes Pittsburgh. Among the jurisdictions listed in the graphic below, Philadelphia also trailed the city of Baltimore, which has fewer than 1 million people.³
Demographics of the problem
From 2014 through 2016, the overdose death rate in Philadelphia was higher for men than for women and for whites than for blacks and Hispanics. White men had the highest rate, while Hispanic women had the lowest.
In terms of age, 45- to 54-year-olds were the hardest-hit group in Philadelphia, which may be partly due to continuing cocaine use among older residents.
- Mari A. Schaefer, “Philadelphia Sues Opioid Drugmakers Over Role in ‘Public Health Nightmare,’” Philly.com, Jan. 17, 2018, http://www.philly.com/philly/health/addiction/philadelphia-sue-opioid-drug-makers-20180117.html.
- Philadelphia Department of Public Health, “2016 Overdoses From Opioids in Philadelphia,” CHART 2, no. 7 (2017), https://www.phila.gov/health/pdfs/chart v2e7.pdf.
- All data in this analysis come from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, “About Underlying Cause of Death, 1999-2016,” https://wonder.cdc.gov/ucd-icd10.html.
Philadelphia 2018: The State of the City
The state of the city