Income Support Programs

An in-depth look at government spending

Federal grants that help low-income households meet their basic needs, such as Medicaid and the Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program, account for a large share of the federal dollars that flow into states. Pew’s research analyzes the unique federal-state interactions required to operate these programs and the diverse roles that this spending plays in state budgets and economies.


In how many states is Medicaid the largest category of federal grants in 2017?