Costa Rican Leaders Vow to Close Ports to Illegally Caught Fish

Central American country becomes 16th U.N. member to ratify port state treaty

Already recognized for its conservation policies, Costa Rica has become a champion in the fight against illegal fishing by ratifying the Port State Measures Agreement (PSMA), the international treaty to stop illegally caught fish from entering the market. Under the agreement, countries will deny landing and other port services to vessels involved in illegal, unreported, and unregulated (IUU) fishing. 

The PSMA, adopted by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization in 2009, is a critical tool in the worldwide fight against illegal fishing, which accounts for up to $23.5 billion worth of seafood every year. Illegal fishing undermines social, environmental, and economic security around the world, especially for developing countries whose economies rely heavily on seafood.

Costa Rica© Wolcott Henry, Marine Photobank

Costa Rica’s ratification of the Port State Measure Agreement is the latest step in their fight against illegal fishing.

Costa Rica first announced its intention to join the PSMA at the “Our Ocean” conference, held Oct. 5-6 in Valparaiso, Chile. The Central American nation is keenly aware of the economic importance of healthy marine habitats to its future. About 20 percent of Costa Rica’s Pacific coast and nearly 50 percent of its Caribbean coast are already part of state protected areas. Ecotourism contributes over $2 billion each year to its economy. By ratifying the PSMA, Costa Rica is choosing to further protect its social, environmental, and economic security. Including Costa Rica, 16 governments now have ratified the PSMA. The agreement will enter into force once 25 parties have ratified it.

Gustavo Meneses, executive president of Costa Rica's Institute for Fisheries and Aquaculture (INCOPESCA) praised his nation’s ratification of the PSMA and highlighted the importance of this international tool in the fight against IUU fishing. Meneses said he hopes that additional countries ratify the agreement soon so it can enter into force.

In addition to port measures, the Costa Rican Coast Guard has increased enforcement within its exclusive economic zone with the help of an identification and tracking system to combat drug trafficking and illegal fishing. Aided by the new system, marine law enforcement officers recently seized 2 kilometers of illegal fishing nets.  

These actions and others show that governments do not need to wait for the PSMA to take effect to demonstrate their commitment to fighting illegal fishing.

Indeed, the Organization of the Fisheries and Aquaculture Sector of the Central American Isthmus (OSPESCA), the group responsible for coordinating sustainable development of fisheries in the region, is embarking on a study to better understand what capabilities would be needed to apply the PSMA across its member states.

According to Mario González Recinos, OSPESCA’s regional director, this multi-national approach to port controls would improve the effectiveness of government efforts to stop illicit fishing. 

As Mark Young, a Pew enforcement expert, wrote in an August commentary for The New York Times, authorities can make real progress toward ending illegal fishing when port measures are applied as part of a toolbox that includes new technologies to monitor marine zones and fishing activities. 

Thanks to Costa Rica’s leadership, we’re getting closer.

Tony Long directs the ending illegal fishing project for The Pew Charitable Trusts.

Spotlight on Mental Health

Composite image of modern city network communication concept

Learn the Basics of Broadband from Our Limited Series

Sign up for our four-week email course on Broadband Basics

Quick View

How does broadband internet reach our homes, phones, and tablets? What kind of infrastructure connects us all together? What are the major barriers to broadband access for American communities?

Pills illustration
Pills illustration

What Is Antibiotic Resistance—and How Can We Fight It?

Sign up for our four-week email series The Race Against Resistance.

Quick View

Antibiotic-resistant bacteria, also known as “superbugs,” are a major threat to modern medicine. But how does resistance work, and what can we do to slow the spread? Read personal stories, expert accounts, and more for the answers to those questions in our four-week email series: Slowing Superbugs.

Explore Pew’s new and improved
Fiscal 50 interactive

Your state's stats are more accessible than ever with our new and improved Fiscal 50 interactive:

  • Maps, trends, and customizable charts
  • 50-state rankings
  • Analysis of what it all means
  • Shareable graphics and downloadable data
  • Proven fiscal policy strategies

Explore

Welcome to the new Fiscal 50

Key changes include:

  • State pages that help you keep track of trends in your home state and provide national and regional context.
  • Interactive indicator pages with highly customizable and shareable data visualizations.
  • A Budget Threads feature that offers Pew’s read on the latest state fiscal news.

Learn more about the new and improved Fiscal 50.