North Carolina’s policies, high-caliber academic institutions, and innovative business environment have spurred deployment, investment, and job growth in the clean energy sector, according to new research by The Pew Charitable Trusts. The state ranked third, nationally, in new solar capacity installed in 2013 and is a leading hub for research and development on smart grids—digital communication infrastructure that improves the reliability of electricity delivery and helps integrate renewable energy into the electricity grid.
“The research and development occurring in the Research Triangle has the potential to revolutionize the generation and distribution of electricity in the United States,” said Phyllis Cuttino, director of Pew’s clean energy initiative. “The partnerships among government, industry, and research institutions have catapulted the state to the forefront of the clean-tech industry. The potential impact of smart grid R&D has drawn comparisons to Silicon Valley.”
Pew released its findings at a panel discussion Oct. 9 at North Carolina State University’s FREEDM Systems Center, a smart grid research facility featured in the study. The event was co-hosted with the Research Triangle Cleantech Cluster, a nonprofit economic development organization. The Research Triangle—anchored by North Carolina State University, Duke University, and the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill—has nearly 60 firms engaged in smart grid technology, making it the second-largest cluster in the country.
Gary Rackliffe, vice president, Smart Grids North America, ABB Inc., said, “In North Carolina, we have a vibrant community of inventors, investors, and institutions committed to clean energy technologies. Our state’s success stems from long-term government policies and innovative public-private partnerships.”
Smart grid technology testing at ABB.
In 2007, the state became the first in the Southeast to adopt a renewable portfolio standard, which requires investor-owned utilities to obtain 12.5 percent of electricity from renewable sources or through efficiency improvements by 2021. The state also benefits from federal grants for smart grid research and a clean energy manufacturing hub at North Carolina State University, as well as federal incentives such as the Investment Tax Credit. As a result, the state attracted $2.6 billion in private investment in clean energy over the past five years and expects to generate an additional $8.1 billion over the next decade. In 2013, the state was third nationwide in attracting private investment.
“Preserving and strengthening policies such as the state’s renewable portfolio standard, the federal tax credit for solar, and investments in research and development will allow North Carolina’s clean energy economy to continue shining,” added Cuttino.
North Carolina Solar Facts
- No solar farms existed in the state before the enactment of the renewable portfolio standard in 2007. Today, approximately 100 have been constructed or are in development.
- In 2013, the state ranked third in the nation for solar additions, with new projects totaling 335 megawatts and generating $1.2 billion in private investment.
- Nearly 37,000 homes in the state are powered by solar, the fifth highest number of any state.
- The state’s solar industry supports 3,100 jobs and ranks 10th in the nation.
Sources: Navigant Research, News & Observer, Solar Energy Industries Association, and Solar Foundation