Atlas of Southern Ocean Life Released

Helps make case for strong marine protections in Antarctic waters

Sea Stars and Sea Urchins under the ice© John B. Weller

Sea stars and sea urchins on the floor of the sea under the ice.

The Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research released the world’s most comprehensive review of life in the Southern Ocean on Aug. 25.

The Biogeographic Atlas of the Southern Ocean is a cooperative effort of 147 scientists from 22 countries, who, over the past four years, catalogued more than 9,000 Antarctic marine species—from tiny microbes to enormous mammals.

In their research, the scientists from 91 institutions discovered numerous species and gathered new insights into the behavioral patterns and evolution of already well-known creatures. The atlas, composed of data, mapping, and expert opinion, will also serve as a tool to guide policy. It highlights the complexity of the Southern Ocean ecosystem and provides a window into how much there is still to learn about life in these waters.

"The landmark research presented in the atlas is critical to our work on Antarctic marine protection," said Andrea Kavanagh, director of The Pew Charitable Trusts’ projects for global penguin conservation and Southern Ocean sanctuaries. "Thousands of species depend on these waters for survival, and understanding the balance of the ecosystem reinforces the need for large-scale conservation measures."

Pew is a long-time advocate for comprehensive protections in the Southern Ocean, and it has called on members of the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources, (CCAMLR) to create two large-scale, fully protected marine reserves in the Southern Ocean.

Underwater marine life© John B. Weller

Underwater marine life.

The consensus-based body is made up of 24 countries and the European Union. Members will meet in October in Hobart, Tasmania, to discuss proposals for reserves in the Ross Sea and waters off East Antarctica. If established, these reserves would be among the world’s largest.

The commission has a mandate to protect the Southern Ocean, but both proposals have been stymied in recent years by objections from Russia.

"The scientific rationale for protection is clear," said Kavanagh. "We hope that this year, countries can look past their political differences, send a strong conservation message, and protect vital Antarctic waters."

National Homeownership Month


37 Researchers Working to Transform Biomedical Science

Quick View

Biomedical researchers are on the front lines of scientific innovation. From responding to global pandemics to pioneering lifesaving cancer treatments, these researchers push past scientific boundaries to solve pressing health challenges. For nearly 40 years, The Pew Charitable Trusts has supported more than 1,000 early-career biomedical scientists committed to this discovery.

Composite image of modern city network communication concept

Learn the Basics of Broadband from Our Limited Series

Sign up for our four-week email course on Broadband Basics

Quick View

How does broadband internet reach our homes, phones, and tablets? What kind of infrastructure connects us all together? What are the major barriers to broadband access for American communities?

Pills illustration
Pills illustration

What Is Antibiotic Resistance—and How Can We Fight It?

Sign up for our four-week email series The Race Against Resistance.

Quick View

Antibiotic-resistant bacteria, also known as “superbugs,” are a major threat to modern medicine. But how does resistance work, and what can we do to slow the spread? Read personal stories, expert accounts, and more for the answers to those questions in our four-week email series: Slowing Superbugs.