Canadian Boreal And Australian Outback Are On The Leading Edge In Conservation

Canadian Boreal And Australian Outback Are On The Leading Edge In Conservation

Canada and Australia are home to two of the world's largest intact ecological regions, the boreal forests of subarctic Canada and the tropical savannah and deserts of the Outback of Australia. The steps being taken by the two countries' Indigenous peoples to protect the natural environment offer models for conservation of other parts of the world.  

Photo Credit: Valerie Courtois

What is being achieved in these stunning and globally significant ecological regions represents a new frontier for conservation globally. Steven Kallick, Director, International Lands Conservation, The Pew Charitable Trusts

The experiences and actions taken in both countries to conserve their ecologically different but globally important boreal and Outback regions are part of an important five-day conference in Baltimore. The Pew Charitable Trusts is sponsoring an opening symposium. The International Congress for Conservation Biology starts Monday, July 22, and will be attended by hundreds of international scientists.

A new report, “Conserving the World's Last Great Forest Is Possible,” co-authored by the International Boreal Conservation Science Panel and other well-known academics, will be released at the symposium. The report highlights not only new science about why at least half of large intact eco-regions should be maintained in protected status but also how the Indigenous peoples of Canada are developing world-leading land-use plans for large portions of Canada's boreal forest landscapes.

Similarly, Australia now has 58 Indigenous Protected Areas covering almost 50 million hectares (more than 120 million acres)—an area larger than California—and nearly 700 Indigenous people employed as part of its Indigenous Ranger Program. In addition to conservation, these areas maintain traditional culture, bring Aboriginal owners back to their land, and allow skills development and employment.  

The intact nature of the Canadian boreal and Australian Outback presents a unique opportunity to proactively maintain and conserve large-scale functioning ecosystems and biodiversity. Yet these areas are also seen by some as the last frontiers for unbridled natural resource extraction. The resulting pressure to balance ecological integrity and biodiversity with economic needs has led to innovative new ideas and collaborations that have already produced dramatic results—raising the bar for large landscape-conservation initiatives around the globe.  

Boreal Forest.  Photo Credit: Little Grand Rapids First Nation

In Canada, for example, more than 526,000 square kilometers (130 million acres) of protected areas are in place in the boreal forest region. What's more, the provincial governments of two of the largest provinces, Ontario and Quebec, have committed in recent years to establishing an additional 800,000 square kilometers (almost 200 million acres) of new protected areas.

Australia recently established four large Indigenous Protected Areas in the rugged and remote Kimberley region of Western Australia, creating the largest Indigenous-owned conservation corridor in the country. These areas protect 69,139 square kilometers (17 million acres) of unspoiled coastline and tropical savannah and represent the latest chapter in the story of successful Aboriginal conservation in Australia.

"What is being achieved in these stunning and globally significant ecological regions represents a new frontier for conservation globally. The achievements to date offer inspiration for anyone committed to finding practical and effective solutions to the ongoing challenge of marrying conservation with economic needs," says Steven Kallick, director of Pew's global wilderness programs, who will speak at a session on conservation during the Baltimore conference.

Little Sandy Desert, Western Australia

"What is clear from the experiences in both Canada and Australia is that Indigenous rights and leadership are key to real, long-term conservation success," adds conference presenter Barry Traill, who directs Pew's work in Australia.

Other presenters on the Canadian-Australian experience are Fritz Reid of Ducks Unlimited; Valerie Courtois, Canadian Boreal Initiative; Jeff Wells, International Boreal Conservation Campaign; Aran O'Carroll, Canadian Boreal Forest Agreement Secretariat; and James Levitt, Program on Conservation Innovation, Harvard Forest, Harvard University. 

Spotlight on Mental Health

Composite image of modern city network communication concept

Learn the Basics of Broadband from Our Limited Series

Sign up for our four-week email course on Broadband Basics

Quick View

How does broadband internet reach our homes, phones, and tablets? What kind of infrastructure connects us all together? What are the major barriers to broadband access for American communities?

Pills illustration
Pills illustration

What Is Antibiotic Resistance—and How Can We Fight It?

Sign up for our four-week email series The Race Against Resistance.

Quick View

Antibiotic-resistant bacteria, also known as “superbugs,” are a major threat to modern medicine. But how does resistance work, and what can we do to slow the spread? Read personal stories, expert accounts, and more for the answers to those questions in our four-week email series: Slowing Superbugs.

Explore Pew’s new and improved
Fiscal 50 interactive

Your state's stats are more accessible than ever with our new and improved Fiscal 50 interactive:

  • Maps, trends, and customizable charts
  • 50-state rankings
  • Analysis of what it all means
  • Shareable graphics and downloadable data
  • Proven fiscal policy strategies

Explore

Welcome to the new Fiscal 50

Key changes include:

  • State pages that help you keep track of trends in your home state and provide national and regional context.
  • Interactive indicator pages with highly customizable and shareable data visualizations.
  • A Budget Threads feature that offers Pew’s read on the latest state fiscal news.

Learn more about the new and improved Fiscal 50.