Urban Agriculture Overlay District

Location Cleveland Ohio
Organization Cleveland Planning Commission, partnering with Cuyahoga County Board of Health, Saint Lukes Foundation, Cleveland Department of Public Health

The Urban Agriculture overlay district is a proposed piece of legislation that will introduce intense farm uses in an urbanized environment that will include livestock, community gardens, hoop houses, market gardens, and Community gardens. Although many of the proposed uses that this zoning district will allow are perceived to have positive impacts on human health such as access to fresh fruits and vegetables, community cohesion through the establishment of gardens, potential economic opportunities, and providing a productive reuse of vacant land. There are unintended adverse impacts to human health that include increase animal waste caused by farm animals, potential exposure to carcinogens created by insecticides, and increases in noise and odor levels.

The HIA is providing local officials with an organized approach for considering health impacts in a thoughtful and careful way.

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The Health Impact Project’s toolkit contains resources that help communities, agencies, and other organizations take action to improve public health. The toolkit offers a collection of health impact assessments, guides, and other research to support policymakers’ efforts to consider health when making decisions across sectors, such as housing, planning, and education.

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At A Glance
  • Status:
  • Publication date:
  • Decision-making levels:
  • Sectors:
    Agriculture, Planning and zoning
  • Additional topic areas:
    Land-use planning, Legislation, Parks and green spaces, Economic development, Food and nutrition, Production
  • Drivers of health:
    Access to healthy food, Safe and affordable parks and recreational facilities, Employment
  • Affected populations:
    Older adults
  • Community types:
  • Research methods:
    Literature review, Qualitative research, Primary research
  • Funding source:
    Other funding