By Investing in Repairs in Acadia National Park, Congress Could Help Area's Economy

Bar Harbor Chamber of Commerce head discusses overdue maintenance, and how the town is handling COVID-19

By Investing in Repairs in Acadia National Park, Congress Could Help Area's Economy
Alf Anderson
Alf Anderson heads the Chamber of Commerce in Bar Harbor, Maine, a gateway community to Acadia National Park.
Bar Harbor Chamber of Commerce

Acadia National Park is one of the 10 most popular national parks in the country, recording 3.5 million visits a year, many of whom come for a view from the highest peak on the North Atlantic seaboard. Unfortunately, the national park also has tens of millions of dollars in overdue repairs, issues that are affecting access to some popular spots. These repairs are part of a nearly $12 billion backlog in national park sites across the U.S.  

To learn more and find out how the community around Acadia National Park is faring during the COVID-19 pandemic, The Pew Charitable Trusts checked in with Bar Harbor Chamber of Commerce Executive Director Alf Anderson. He has worked at the chamber since 2015, and in 2019 was promoted to lead the organization. Bar Harbor is about 1.5 miles from Acadia, and the town’s businesses depend on tourism and a healthy park. This interview has been edited for clarity and length.

Q: What is your favorite thing about Acadia National Park?

A: If I were to choose just one thing, it would have to be the way Acadia is part of the community as a whole. Most of the park is located on Mount Desert Island, so each of the towns here have multiple access points to the park. You can drive, walk, or bike right from your front door to your favorite spot in Acadia in just a matter of minutes, which makes the whole park feel like home.

Eagle Lake
Eagle Lake is a big draw within Acadia National Park. Last year the park announced repairs to “improve and stabilize” the carriage road that leads to the lake, a project that is expected to limit access through November 2020. Even with those improvements underway, many items remain on the park’s repair list.
Bar Harbor Chamber of Commerce

Q: How important is Acadia National Park to the Bar Harbor community and local businesses?

A: Bar Harbor’s economy is largely supported by tourism, and Acadia is the single biggest attraction for visitors. Guests come from near and far to enjoy the park, and our local business community thrives on this visitation. Bar Harbor is the epicenter of tourism activities outside the park, but there are other towns and villages nearby that thrive on serving visitors as well.

Bar Harbor
Bar Harbor, Maine, is just a few minutes’ drive from Acadia National Park. Many businesses here would not survive without revenue from the millions of people who visit the park every year.
Michael Belinski Bar Harbor Chamber of Commerce

Q: How has the COVID-19 pandemic affected Bar Harbor?

A: Typically, the springtime is when seasonal businesses open their doors, summer workers start to fill the streets, and the town is filled with energy powered by the excitement of the busy season to come. This year, March and April have been much quieter. Seasonal businesses have remained closed, and some that were already open were forced to close or scale back their operations. Business owners are busy pivoting and planning to serve the public in new and safer ways so when visitors do come back, they feel safe visiting.

Cadillac Mountain
The summit of Cadillac Mountain affords sweeping views of the surrounding area. The mountain is the highest point on the Eastern Seaboard and is a major draw for Acadia National Park.
Bar Harbor Chamber of Commerce

Q: Acadia has tens of millions of dollars of repair needs, with roads and buildings requiring the most work. What have you noticed about the deferred maintenance there?

A: Thankfully, the crews at Acadia do an amazing job keeping the park beautiful for visitors, and it isn’t always clear what areas may not be addressed by the backlog of maintenance projects. I do know, from talking with the leadership team at Acadia, that there are “back of house” facilities in dire need of repair or replacement. The staff members absolutely make the best of the situation, but it would be great to know that they were getting the resources they need to keep all aspects of Acadia beautiful.

Q: Why do you think Congress needs to invest in fixing the national parks?

A: Visitation to our national parks has steadily increased over the years. Providing visitors an excellent experience is key to maintaining this growth. Fixing our parks is just one way to continue delivering memorable experiences. A big part of those experiences comes from the gateway communities and the businesses just outside the national parks. By providing funds to address the deferred maintenance within our parks, Congress would be indirectly boosting the national economy and supporting the small business communities that serve the millions of visitors to our parks.

Gettysburg maintenance
Assateague Island maintenance
Data Visualization

National Park Deferred Maintenance Needs

Quick View
Data Visualization

National Park Deferred Maintenance Needs

With record crowds contributing to wear and tear and federal funding unreliable, the National Park Service is struggling to keep pace with repairs, estimated at $11.6 billion in fiscal year 2017. Use this tool, based on NPS data, to learn more about deferred maintenance at NPS sites across the county, in your state, and at your favorite park.

Gettysburg
Gettysburg
Article

Investing in Overdue Maintenance at National Parks Could Generate 100,000 Jobs

Quick View
Article

Addressing the National Park Service’s (NPS’) nearly $12 billion maintenance backlog would create or support more than 100,000 infrastructure-related jobs, a Pew-commissioned analysis by the Cadmus Group found. This number, based on fiscal year 2018 NPS data, is a reminder of the powerful contribution that national parks make to the U.S. economy.