The Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument celebrated its 10-year anniversary on Jan. 6, 2019. The protected area safeguards vibrant coral reefs and deep-sea ecosystems teeming with life, and provides a safe haven for threatened species of sharks, seabirds, turtles, and marine mammals. The monument was initially designated by President George W. Bush on the same day in 2009 that he also designated marine national monuments in the Mariana Trench and Rose Atoll. In 2014, President Barack Obama expanded protections for the U.S. Pacific Remote Islands to cover 1.3 million square kilometers of ocean habitat. The Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument protects federal waters around isolated American territories in the Pacific Ocean, including Howland and Baker islands, Jarvis Island, Johnston Island, Wake Atoll, and Kingman Reef and Palmyra Atoll. Test your knowledge about the history and biology of these distant American protected areas.