Off of East Africa, Military Forces Join Fight to End Illegal Fishing

Annual exercise shows how cooperation can stop a range of maritime crimes

Off of East Africa, Military Forces Join Fight to End Illegal Fishing

Illegal fishing

The view from a target vessel as Comorian coast guard commandos approach. Trainees are taught standard procedures for approaching and boarding suspicious boats, and for searches and seizures.

U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Spc. 3rd Class Ford Williams

Western Indian Ocean coastal nations continue to struggle to control illicit maritime activity, including illegal fishing, which accounts for up to 1 in 4 fish caught in the region. Authorities often lack adequate ways to collect information on suspected illegal activity or the capability to take enforcement actions when they detect it.

To help address those issues, the U.S. Defense Department’s Africa Command and European, Canadian, and Australian forces recently led a training exercise to help nations synchronize the detection of and respond to suspicious activity. The annual exercise, called Cutlass Express, brings together African partner nations to strategize, train, and synchronize efforts around potential real-world scenarios.

In February, I was fortunate enough to be part of the exercise and saw the navies and coast guards from Mozambique, Madagascar, Kenya, Tanzania, Comoros, Djibouti, Mauritius, Seychelles and Somalia working together to improve safety, security, and freedom of navigation in African waters. Pew’s ending illegal fishing project was invited to the exercise to bring fisheries enforcement expertise and on-the-water experience.

Here are some photos from the Cutlass Express exercise. 

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How Interpol’s Project Scale Is Changing the Game in Illegal Fishing

The global law enforcement network is helping nations prosecute illegal fishing fleets throughout the world

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Issue Brief

With over 70 percent of the Earth’s surface covered by water, only a small fraction of which is regulated by governments, it is no surprise that the high seas are growing more lawless each year. One of the most widespread threats is illegal fishing and its associated crimes. Each year, up to $23.5 billion worth of seafood is stolen from the seas through illegal, unreported, and unregulated (IUU) fishing. That translates into 26 million tons, or 1 in every 5 wild-caught fish sold on the market.