3 States Enact Broad Corrections Reforms

3 States Enact Broad Corrections Reforms

Utah, South Dakota, and West Virginia are the latest states to enact reforms to their adult corrections or juvenile justice systems with overwhelming bipartisan support. The states’ legislative packages are designed to protect public safety, hold offenders accountable, and control corrections costs.

On April 9, Utah Governor Gary Herbert (R) signed into law sweeping criminal justice legislation that prioritizes prison beds for serious and violent offenders, strengthens probation and parole, and expands reentry and treatment programs. The new law is expected to prevent almost all of the projected growth in the prison population and save the state more than $500 million over the next two decades.

In March, South Dakota Governor Dennis Daugaard (R) and West Virginia Governor Earl Ray Tomblin (D) signed into law juvenile justice reforms that target the use of residential facilities to youth who are a public safety risk and reinvest the savings in evidence-based community programs. In all, the changes are expected to substantially curtail the number of juvenile offenders in state-funded facilities and save the states more than $50 million, combined, over the next five years.

Sentencing and corrections reforms advanced by the Justice Reinvestment Initiative (JRI)—a public-private partnership between Pew and the U.S. Department of Justice’s Bureau of Justice Assistance—have enjoyed strong bipartisan consensus in most states. Between 2008 and 2015, lawmakers in 29 states cast more than 5,700 votes in favor of JRI reforms and fewer than 500 in opposition. Through JRI, Pew, the Council of State Governments Justice Center, the Crime and Justice Institute, and other partners provide intensive technical assistance to these states.

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Bipartisan Support for Justice Reinvestment Legislation

Wide majorities in most states approved sentencing and corrections reforms

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Since 2007, more than half of the states have participated in the Justice Reinvestment Initiative and made research-based policy changes to control prison growth, hold offenders accountable, and protect public safety. Although they vary in scope and significance, these reforms have sought to prioritize prison space for serious and violent offenders while expanding alternatives to incarceration for those who can be supervised more effectively and at less expense in the community. These efforts in 30 states have drawn extraordinary bipartisan support: Justice reinvestment reforms have received more than 5,700 “aye” votes in state legislatures, compared with fewer than 500 “no” votes.