Editor’s note: This page was last updated on March 1, 2022, to reflect which states have acted or are considering steps to authorize dental therapists to practice. It is no longer being updated.
Dental therapists—midlevel providers whose work is similar to that of physician assistants in medicine—deliver preventive and routine restorative care, such as filling cavities, placing temporary crowns, and extracting badly diseased or loose teeth. As states grapple with provider shortages, especially in underserved areas, several have passed laws that allow dental therapists to be part of the care delivery system, and others are exploring the option. Dental therapists are also authorized to practice in several tribal communities, where access to care can be especially limited.
Dental therapists are authorized to practice only in tribal settings in Alaska, Idaho, Washington, and Montana.
Note: The map has been updated repeatedly since 2016 to show which states have acted or are considering steps to authorize dental therapists to practice.