San Antonio Missions National Historical Park

Texas

San Antonio Missions National Historical Park

Pew created this case study using National Park Service deferred maintenance data issued in fiscal year 2015. The information listed here may no longer reflect the NPS site’s current condition or maintenance requirements. To find the most up-to-date information, please use the National Park Repair Needs tool.

San Antonio Missions National Historical Park
© Carol Highsmith/Library of Congress

Overview

San Antonio Missions National Historical Park is one of America’s cultural treasures, designated in 2015 as a UNESCO World Heritage site. The park preserves four Spanish frontier missions built in the 1700s for Franciscan friars who hoped to convert the Native Americans to Catholicism. Over time, the Spanish and local tribes built a new culture in what is now South Texas. Drawing more than a million visitors a year, the park is also a boon to San Antonio’s economy. But it faces a maintenance backlog of $7.3 million that includes restoring the missions and key infrastructure.

San Antonio Missions National Historical Park

Repairing door beams at Mission San José—one of the four protected within the park—is part of a $7.4 million maintenance backlog.

© The Pew Charitable Trusts

Maintenance challenges

The park’s most urgent repairs are to its historic buildings and visitor center. The center is more than 20 years old and needs more than a half-million dollars to update its interpretive displays. Nearly $400,000 is needed to repair the office and sacristy of the Franciscan father-president, who oversaw development of the missions. A compound where Native Americans lived, and the walls that encircle it, also requires restoration at a cost of $600,000.

Repair needs go beyond the buildings that define San Antonio Missions. Several parking lots are showing their age and require almost a million dollars to resurface, and its water and communication systems are deteriorating and must be replaced.

The park has partnered with Los Compadres de San Antonio Missions to create a Spanish colonial demonstration farm that replicates historic croplands and shows how mission inhabitants sustained themselves centuries ago. The farm includes labores—Spanish for farmlands—that were once irrigated by the San Antonio River. To complete the working farm, $450,000 in landscaping is required for the western labores at San Juan Capistrano. More than $200,000 is also needed to rehabilitate the acequias, or irrigation ditches, leading from the San Antonio River to the missions.

Our Spanish colonial missions are an integral part of the cultural, historical, and economic fabric of San Antonio, and now to the world as a UNESCO site. Funding the $7 million in deferred maintenance is vital to the protection and preservation of this resource.Rebecca J. Viagran, San Antonio City Council member

Recommendations

To address the deferred maintenance needs at San Antonio Missions and other National Park Service (NPS) sites in Texas and across the country, Congress should:

  • Ensure that infrastructure initiatives include provisions to address park maintenance.
  • Provide dedicated annual federal funding for national park repairs.
  • Enact innovative policy reforms to ensure that deferred maintenance does not escalate.
  • Provide more highway funding for NPS maintenance needs.
  • Create more opportunities for public-private collaboration and donations to help restore park infrastructure.
San Antonio Missions National Historical Park
San Antonio Missions National Historical Park
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National Park Deferred Maintenance Needs

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Data Visualization

National Park Deferred Maintenance Needs

With record crowds contributing to wear and tear and federal funding unreliable, the National Park Service is struggling to keep pace with repairs, estimated at $11.6 billion in fiscal year 2017. Use this tool, based on NPS data, to learn more about deferred maintenance at NPS sites across the county, in your state, and at your favorite park.

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