Lake Mead National Recreation Area

Arizona and Nevada

Lake Mead National Recreation Area
Lake Mead

Many access points to Lake Mead and Lake Mohave need infrastructure repairs, and the park has a deferred maintenance list that exceeds $170 million.

© iStockphoto

Pew created this case study using National Park Service deferred maintenance data issued in fiscal year 2015. The information listed here may no longer reflect the NPS site’s current condition or maintenance requirements. To find the most up-to-date information, please use the National Park Repair Needs tool.

This case study was updated on July 31, 2017, to reflect newly released 2016 data and to correct references to calendar and fiscal year.


Just minutes from the Las Vegas city limits lies the third largest area operated by the National Park Service outside Alaska. Lake Mead National Recreation Area spans 1.5 million acres—twice the size of Rhode Island. The lake and smaller Lake Mohave to the south attract boaters, swimmers, and fishermen, while the surrounding desert draws hikers, wildlife photographers, and roadside sightseers. Remarkably, three of America’s four desert ecosystems—the Mojave, Great Basin, and Sonoran deserts—are found here. At first glance, the landscape seems barren. But on closer inspection, visitors will find a wide variety of plants and animals, some of which are not found anywhere else.

The park’s $170 million in deferred maintenance includes repairs to the Alan Bible Visitor Center.

The lake is named for Elwood Mead, commissioner of the Interior Department’s Bureau of Reclamation during the 1920s and 1930s. He drafted the original plan to dam the Colorado River where it bends south near Boulder City, Nevada, to provide flood control, crop irrigation, and power generation. Today, we know the structure as Hoover Dam. The lake it created, when it’s full, is the largest resevoir in the United States. Unfortunately, many access points to Lake Mead and Lake Mohave need infrastructure repairs, and the park has a deferred maintenance list that exceeds $170 million.

Visitor Center

Almost $6 million is needed for building rehabilitation and repairs, including to the Alan Bible Visitor Center, which is just outside the park, near Boulder City.

© National Park Service

Maintenance challenges

The more than 7 million people who visit Lake Mead National Recreation Area each year generate substantial income for surrounding communities but also leave an impact. The National Park Service (NPS) says repair needs run the gamut from bathrooms to campgrounds. But the biggest expense is to maintain roads that lead to the lakes. More than $6 million is needed to repair the road to Willow Beach, a popular trout fishing spot below Hoover Dam. A nearly equal amount is needed to repair access roads leading to Katherine Landing at the southern tip, where visitors can hike, camp, and launch a boat. Boulder Beach also is a popular spot for launching boats, but its marina, boat ramps, moorings, and docks also need more than $6 million to fix.

The NPS says it also needs to repair or replace radio towers and repeaters along Lake Mead’s 759 miles of shoreline that park rangers use for communications to ensure visitor safety and monitor flood protection devices. To do so would cost $5 million.

Almost $6 million is needed for building rehabilitation and repairs, including to the Alan Bible Visitor Center, which is just outside the park near Boulder City. Developed as part of the NPS Mission 66 program during the agency’s 50th anniversary in 1966, it has since been updated to bring it up to code, improve accessibility for the disabled, and add solar panels and other green designs that will qualify for   a coveted LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) silver rating. However, it still needs almost $700,000 in deferred maintenance.

Lake Mead is an important economic driver for North Las Vegas. We need to make sure that the park receives adequate federal funding to provide recreational opportunities for our residents and visitors alike.John Jay Lee(D), mayor of North Las Vegas, Nevada


To address the infrastructure needs at Lake Mead and other NPS sites in Arizona, Nevada, and across the country, Congress should:

  • Ensure that infrastructure initiatives include provisions to address park maintenance.
  • Provide dedicated annual federal funding for national park repairs.
  • Enact innovative policy reforms to ensure that deferred maintenance does not escalate.
  • Provide more highway funding for NPS maintenance needs.
  • Create more opportunities for public-private collaboration and donations to help restore park infrastructure.

Lake Mead National Recreation Area Facts

Visitor spending $312.7 million
Jobs created by visitor spending
Economic output
$369 million
Labor income $141.4 million
Visits 7,175,891
Deferred maintenance (fiscal year 2015) $172.8 million

Sources: National Park Service, “Annual Visitation Reports By Years: 2005-2015,” accessed Aug. 25, 2016, Reports/Annual Visitation By Park (1979 - Last Calendar Year; National Park Service, “Visitor Spending Effects,” accessed Aug. 22, 2016,; National Park Service, “NPS Deferred Maintenance Reports,” accessed Aug. 19, 2016, (Pew converted NPS data from this webpage and other NPS sources into a searchable database)

© 2017 The Pew Charitable Trusts

The Pew Charitable Trusts works alongside the National Parks Conservation Association, the National Trust for Historic Preservation, and other national and local groups to ensure that our national park resources are maintained and protected for future generations to enjoy.

Data Visualization

National Park Deferred Maintenance Needs

Quick View
Data Visualization

National Park Deferred Maintenance Needs

With record crowds contributing to wear and tear and federal funding unreliable, the National Park Service is struggling to keep pace with repairs, estimated at $11.6 billion in fiscal year 2017. Use this tool, based on NPS data, to learn more about deferred maintenance at NPS sites across the county, in your state, and at your favorite park.

National Homeownership Month

Fact Sheet

National Park Case Studies

Quick View
Fact Sheet

The National Park Service needs almost $12 billion to eliminate its backlog of deferred maintenance. The Pew Charitable Trusts' campaign to restore America's parks has created a series of case studies highlighting examples of repairs needed at our nation's treasures.

Composite image of modern city network communication concept

Learn the Basics of Broadband from Our Limited Series

Sign up for our four-week email course on Broadband Basics

Quick View

How does broadband internet reach our homes, phones, and tablets? What kind of infrastructure connects us all together? What are the major barriers to broadband access for American communities?

What Is Antibiotic Resistance—and How Can We Fight It?

Sign up for our four-week email series The Race Against Resistance.

Quick View

Antibiotic-resistant bacteria, also known as “superbugs,” are a major threat to modern medicine. But how does resistance work, and what can we do to slow the spread? Read personal stories, expert accounts, and more for the answers to those questions in our four-week email series: Slowing Superbugs.