Port State Measures

Port State Measures

Can one international treaty help reverse years of rampant and widespread disregard for fisheries laws and policies? We believe the answer is yes, but a treaty is only as good as the parties that ratify and enforce it.

The treaty in question is the Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing, commonly called the Port State Measures Agreement, or the PSMA.

Adopted in 2009 by the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization, or FAO, the treaty requires parties to strengthen and harmonize port controls for foreign-flagged vessels, and as a result to keep illegal, unreported, and unregulated, or IUU, fish out of the world’s markets.

Ports known for lax law enforcement or limited inspection capacity are a prime pathway for unethical fishermen to get their catch from ship to shelf. Port States enforcing the treaty will refuse port entry or access to port services, including landing and transshipment of fish, to foreign-flagged vessels known to have engaged in IUU fishing. For this reason, Pew is encouraging all port States to ratify and implement the PSMA.

Data Visualization

Three Treaties to End Illegal Fishing

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Data Visualization

To support efforts to end illegal fishing, The Pew Charitable Trusts advocates for the harmonized implementation of three international agreements that seek to make it more difficult for unscrupulous operators to exploit gaps in national and regional fishing regulations.

Issue Brief

The Port State Measures Agreement

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Issue Brief

The Port State Measures Agreement

《港口国措施协定》(PSMA)在 2016 年生效时,联合国赞赏道,这份协定开启了打击非法、不报告、不管制(IUU) 捕鱼的新纪元。当时有超过 25 个国家政府批准或签署该协定,超出了生效所需的标准,该数字至今已翻了一倍多。但是,仅仅依靠这份协定制定的机制,是否有足够的力度打击漠视渔业法律与政策这一普遍现象?我们认为这个问题的答案是肯定的,但是这份协定只有得到缔约方的遵守和执行之后,方可发挥作用。

Additional Resources

Issue Brief

Study Measures Countries’ Exposure to Illegal Catch, Actions to Keep It From Markets

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Issue Brief

Study Measures Countries’ Exposure to Illegal Catch, Actions to Keep It From Markets

非法、未报告和无管制(IUU)捕捞是对海洋健康的最大威胁之一,《港口国措施》是其潜在解决方案的关键部分。这种非法行为给世界渔业的可持续性带来压力,并损害依赖健康鱼类种群的沿海国家的经济。

EIFP PSMA Explainer