Notes: Defense spending is defined as Department of Defense expenditures on salaries and wages for military personnel as well as retirement and nonretirement benefits (e.g., military pensions and health care services, respectively) and obligations for contracts for purchases of goods and services, such as weapons systems and information technology consulting, and grants to state and local governments.

Sources: Pew’s calculations using data from the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis, Annual State Personal Income and Employment, “Personal Current Transfer Receipts (SA35),” accessed March 2019;, accessed March 2019; U.S. Department of Defense, Office of Economic Adjustment, “Defense Spending by State, Fiscal Year 2017” (2019); U.S. Census Bureau, “Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for the United States” (March 2019);  U.S. Department of Defense, Office of the Actuary, “Statistical Report on the Military Retirement System, Fiscal Year 2017” (2019)