Notes: All rates shown are per total adult residents. Georgia and Michigan did not provide year-end figures for total community corrections population and probation population; year-start figures (Jan. 1, 2016) were used as an estimate. Michigan also did not provide year-end or year-start parole population figures; prior year-end figures (Dec. 31, 2015) were used as an estimate. All rates were calculated using July 1, 2016, census figures.
Sources: Pew and Laura and John Arnold Foundation analysis of data from the Bureau of Justice Statistics, Annual Probation Survey and Annual Parole Survey (2016); U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, Estimates of the Total Resident Population and Resident Population Age 18 Years and Older for the United States, States, and Puerto Rico (July 1, 2016)