Projects focus on coastal ecosystems, warming waters, marine debris, and more.
Penguin populations could decline by as much as 30%.
Locals use fledgling network to help track environmental change.
These small fish are the primary food source for many marine mammals, seabirds, and larger fish, transferring energy throughout the marine food web.
The world’s oceans influence the weather on a local and global scale, and changes in the atmosphere can fundamentally alter many properties of those oceans.
Mounting scientific evidence shows that exempting large areas of the ocean from fishing, extraction, and other activities is important for ocean conservation.
Through penguins, scientists can learn about the health of marine ecosystems and use this knowledge to develop realistic and effective conservation strategies.
Sharks are critical players in the ocean ecosystem. However, they are being fished and killed at high rates, putting the health of the marine environment at risk.
Tuna species are found throughout the world's oceans. However, as a result of overfishing, stocks of some species, such as the southern bluefin, are dangerously close to extinction.
Overfishing is when species are taken from the sea at rates too high for the fish to replace through natural reproductive cycles what is lost to fishing.
People in coastal countries depend on healthy oceans and fisheries for their livelihood. But some economic policies may spend money on practices that are unprofitable and unsustainable.
Historically, the focus is on one species at a time when determining how, when, and where fishing will take place. Often overlooked is that each fish population is part of a much larger ecosystem.
One promising approach to better capturing the scale of fishing around the world is “catch reconstruction,” which offers estimates using an array of sources and methods.