Income Support Programs

An in-depth look at government spending

Income Support Programs
Last Updated March 12, 2018

Federal grants that help low-income households meet their basic needs, such as Medicaid and the Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program, account for a large share of the federal dollars that flow into states. Pew’s research analyzes the unique federal-state interactions required to operate these programs and the diverse roles that this spending plays in state budgets and economies.



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Data-driven policymaking is not just a tool for finding new solutions for emerging challenges, it makes government more effective and better able to serve the public interest. In the coming months, President Joe Biden and the 117th Congress will tackle a number of environmental, health, public safety, and fiscal and economic issues—nearly all of them complicated by the COVID-19 pandemic. To help solve specific, systemic problems in a nonpartisan fashion, Pew has compiled a series of briefings and recommendations based on our research, technical assistance, and advocacy work across America.

In how many states is Medicaid the largest category of federal grants in 2017?