Collateral Costs

Incarceration's Effect on Economic Mobility

Collateral Costs

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In addition, Collateral Costs examined the prison population by race/ethnicity and educational levels. It found that incarceration reduces former inmates' earnings by 40 percent and limits their future economic mobility. It also found that one in every 28 children in the U.S. has a parent behind bars, up from one in 125 just 25 years ago. 

The report's findings were based on research by Professor Bruce Western of Harvard University and Professor Becky Pettit of the University of Washington.

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Agenda for America

Resources for federal, state, and local decision-makers

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Data-driven policymaking is not just a tool for finding new solutions for emerging challenges, it makes government more effective and better able to serve the public interest.

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States of Innovation

Data-driven state policy innovations across America

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Data-driven policymaking is not just a tool for finding new solutions for difficult challenges. When states serve their traditional role as laboratories of innovation, they increase the American people’s confidence that the government they choose—no matter the size—can be effective, responsive, and in the public interest.