CITES 2013: New Appendix III Shark Listings

  • Hammerhead SharkThe inclusion of a species in Appendix III of CITES allows a Party to the Convention to ask for help from other CITES Parties in documenting international trade for a species not listed in either Appendix I or II of the Convention.
  •  An Appendix III listing offers a Party the opportunity to protect native wild animal and plant species it believes are in need of international trade controls, and gather further data on the level of international trade.
  • This appendix requires that an export permit be issued for wildlife products exported from the country that included the species in Appendix III. All other exporting countries must issue a certifi cate of origin, to show that the specimen is not from the country that listed the species.
  • The import of a species included in Appendix III requires the prior presentation of a certificate of origin and, where the import is from a country that listed the species, an export permit.
  • Unlike Appendix I and II, international trade in CITES Appendix III species does not require the issuance of a scientific “non-detriment” finding.
  • As such, an Appendix III listing can provide important data on international trade, but does not offer the protection from unsustainable trade afforded by a listing in CITES Appendix I or II.
  • Two species of sharks have been included in Appendix III this year, the porbeagle shark (Lamna nasus) and the scalloped hammerhead (Sphyrna lewini).
  • Porbeagle was included in Appendix III by Member States of the European Union and Australia.
  • Scalloped hammerhead was included in Appendix III by Costa Rica and Australia.
  • Inclusion of these species in Appendix III took effect on 25 September 2012 and will provide important data on international trade. However, much more is needed to protect these species from ongoing overexploitation driven by unsustainable international trade, starting with including them in Appendix II at the earliest opportunity.
  • CITES 2013

    The front facade of the Supreme Court of the United States in Washington, DC.
    ian-hutchinson-U8WfiRpsQ7Y-unsplash.jpg_master

    Agenda for America

    A collection of resources to help federal, state, and local decision-makers set an achievable agenda for all Americans

    Quick View

    Data-driven policymaking is not just a tool for finding new solutions for emerging challenges, it makes government more effective and better able to serve the public interest. In the coming months, President Joe Biden and the 117th Congress will tackle a number of environmental, health, public safety, and fiscal and economic issues—nearly all of them complicated by the COVID-19 pandemic. To help solve specific, systemic problems in a nonpartisan fashion, Pew has compiled a series of briefings and recommendations based on our research, technical assistance, and advocacy work across America.

    Lightbulbs
    Lightbulbs

    States of Innovation

    Data-driven state policy innovations across America

    Quick View

    Data-driven policymaking is not just a tool for finding new solutions for difficult challenges. When states serve their traditional role as laboratories of innovation, they increase the American people’s confidence that the government they choose—no matter the size—can be effective, responsive, and in the public interest.