Notes: Defense spending is defined as Department of Defense expenditures on salaries and wages for military personnel; retirement and nonretirement benefits (e.g., military pensions and health care services, respectively); obligations for contracts for purchases of goods and services, such as weapons systems and information technology consulting; and grants to states and local governments.

Sources: Pew’s calculations using data from the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis, Annual State Personal Income and Employment, “Personal Current Transfer Receipts (SA35),” accessed March 2020;, accessed March 2020; U.S. Department of Defense, Office of Economic Adjustment, “Defense Spending by State, Fiscal Year 2018” (2020); U.S. Census Bureau, “Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for the United States” (March 2020); U.S. Department of Defense, Office of the Actuary, “Statistical Report on the Military Retirement System, Fiscal Year 2018” (2020)