For state-by-state data please see the tables below.

Total Medicaid spending, per enrollee

On a per-enrollee basis, Medicaid spending has remained relatively stable over the past decade, rising by only 5 percent after adjusting for inflation, from $5,956 in 2000 to $6,254 in 2010. This is substantially less than the overall health care spending per resident in the United States, which increased by 39 percent over the same period to just over $8,700 per resident.

While spending in Medicaid is subject to many of the same cost drivers as overall health care, its costs are moderated by several factors, including low provider-reimbursement rates.26,* In 2012, for example, Medicaid paid physicians on average 66 percent of what Medicare paid for services, down from 72 percent in 2008. Furthermore, both Medicaid and Medicare pay providers significantly less than what they receive from private payers.27 Low reimbursement rates decrease the willingness of providers to treat Medicaid enrollees, which sometimes limits enrollees' access to health care services.28

Total Medicaid spending per enrollee and growth in per-enrollee spending, inflation adjusted