Olympic National Park

Washington

Olympic National Park
Hoh Rainforest

© Olympic National Park

Overview

Olympic is the most visited park in the Pacific Northwest, with more than 3 million people last year drawn to its sandy beaches, rugged trails, and panoramic views. Spanning nearly 1,500 square miles, it is also among the most ecologically diverse areas managed by the National Park Service (NPS), with temperate rainforests, meadows, alpine ranges, and a sprawling coastline. These landscapes are home to bobcats, bears, cougars, mountain goats, and dozens of other mammals, as well as birds, amphibians, fish, and rare plants, earning it listings as an International Biosphere Reserve and World Heritage site. Despite world-class opportunities for hiking, camping, fishing, and more, Olympic has a nearly $140 million backlog of repair needs.

Ho River Trail temp marker

The park’s trail system has over $5.5 million in deferred maintenance, resulting in temporary markers along the Hoh River Trail.

© The Pew Charitable Trusts

Maintenance challenges

Nearly 90 percent of this backlog is to fix infrastructure that the NPS considers a high priority for visitors’ experience in the park. More than $100 million is needed for transportation, primarily for paved roads. Nearly a third of that is required to repave a section of Highway 101—the main route through the Olympic Peninsula—that runs along Lake Crescent. Repairs to parking lots for campgrounds, ranger stations, and other areas total $3.4 million. And bridges that take visitors over the park’s many creeks require more than $4 million in repairs.

Olympic’s buildings have $11 million in deferred maintenance. This includes upgrading the Port Angeles visitor center, the main portal to the park, to comply with building codes and repairing the visitor center at Hurricane Ridge. The park’s trails, interpretive media, and water systems also need to be refurbished.Stephen Streufert, vice president of education, NatureBridge

Recommendations

To address the deferred maintenance needs at Olympic and other NPS sites in Washington and across the country, Congress should:

  • Ensure that infrastructure initiatives include provisions to address park maintenance.
  • Provide dedicated annual federal funding for national park repairs.
  • Enact innovative policy reforms to ensure that deferred maintenance does not escalate.
  • Provide more highway funding for NPS maintenance needs.
  • Create more opportunities for public-private collaboration and donations to help restore park infrastructure.
Deer.

Olympic National Park is teeming with wildlife, including deer.

© Olympic National Park

Olympic National Park Facts

2016

Visitor spending $286.8 million
Jobs created by visitor spending 3,842
Economic output $398.7million
Labor income $138.8 million
Visits 3,339,221
Deferred maintenance (fiscal year 2015) $139.8 million

Sources: National Park Service, “Annual Visitation Report by Years: 2006 to 2016,” accessed June 14, 2017, https://irma.nps.gov/Stats/SSRSReports/National Reports/Annual Visitation By Park (1979 - Last Calendar Year); National Park Service, “Visitor Spending Effects,” accessed June 14, 2017, https://www.nps.gov/subjects/socialscience/vse.htm; National Park Service, “NPS Deferred Maintenance Reports,” accessed Aug. 19, 2016, https://www.nps.gov/subjects/plandesignconstruct/defermain.htm

© The Pew Charitable Trusts

The Pew Charitable Trusts works alongside the National Parks Conservation Association, the National Trust for Historic Preservation, and other national and local groups to ensure that our national park resources are maintained and protected for future generations to enjoy.

'After the Fact' Podcast
19x9 placeholder

America's National Parks: Upkeep Required

How can we maintain national parks for future generations?

Hear the full story
Quick View

America's National Parks: Upkeep Required

How can we maintain national parks for future generations?

Hear the full story
Restore America's National Parks
Restore America's National Parks
Fact Sheet

National Parks Require Restoration

A look at the infrastructure needs of the nation’s treasured sites

Quick View
Fact Sheet

The National Park System protects more than 400 natural, historic, cultural, and recreational sites in all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and several U.S. territories. In 2016, as the National Park Service (NPS) celebrates its 100th anniversary, many of these cherished places are showing signs of age: crumbling roads and bridges; neglected historic buildings; eroding trails; and deteriorating electrical, water, and sewage systems.

Fix Our Parks
Fix Our Parks
Video

National Parks Deteriorating—It's Time to Show Some Love

Quick View
Video

For hundreds of years, Valentine's Day has been a time to show people you care about how much you love them.

Yellowstone landscape
Yellowstone landscape
Fact Sheet

National Park Case Studies

Quick View
Fact Sheet

The National Park Service needs almost $12 billion to eliminate its backlog of deferred maintenance. The Pew Charitable Trusts' campaign to restore America's parks has created a series of case studies highlighting examples of repairs needed at our nation's treasures.