All animals need safe places to grow, reproduce, and ﬁnd food. Marine animals are no different. In the ocean, their habitats can be the sandy bottom, a seamount rising from the ocean ﬂoor, or a deep canyon carved into the continental shelf. These places are affected by pollution and other human activities such as oil and gas drilling and use of destructive fishing gear, which research shows can have negative consequences. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration is tasked with regulating ocean ﬁshing and protecting our nation's ocean resources.
Fish, like all animals, need sufficient places to find shelter and food, grow, and reproduce.