The United States and Canada have a great deal in common, with histories and cultures shaped by newcomers seeking opportunities and better lives. Yet there are very important differences in social and economic trends on either side of the 49th parallel. In particular, previous analyses of economic mobility in the United States and other industrialized nations reveal that the United States has less, not more, mobility than its northern neighbor. That is, one’s family economic background is more likely to influence one’s economic outcomes in the United States than in Canada.
Chasing the Same Dream presents a comparable analysis of economic mobility over a generation, using the best available administrative data from both countries. Additionally, it evaluates nationally representative polls conducted in both countries, commissioned by the Pew Economic Mobility Project, to explore whether the differential rates of mobility in the U.S. and Canada reflect differences in public opinion, values, or underlying societal goals.