Expert Profile

Ingrid Schroeder

Director, Fiscal Federalism Initiatives
The Pew Charitable Trusts

Ingrid Schroeder oversees Pew’s efforts to provide independent and unbiased data on the relationship between the federal and state governments, particularly the impact of federal deficit reduction on states and other issues.

Schroeder leads a team of researchers, working in collaboration with outside experts from across the political spectrum, to provide policy makers, the media, and the public with solid, nonpartisan analyses and accessible information. She has met with congressional and White House leaders and has been interviewed on national television and radio programs, as well as by top print publications.

Before transitioning to the Fiscal Federalism Initiative, Schroeder served as director of the Pew Fiscal Analysis Initiative and Subsidyscope.  These projects examined the federal budget, deficit, debt, subsidies, and tax expenditures to raise public awareness through nonpartisan data and analysis. Prior to joining Pew, Schroeder was a senior executive at the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). During her 17 years at OMB, she supervised a team that coordinated and cleared the administration’s policy positions on legislation for the Departments of Health and Human Services, Education, Labor, and Housing and Urban Development, as well as the Social Security Administration, the Office of Veterans Affairs, and the Office of Personnel Management. In that capacity, she also directed policy on budget and regulatory process issues. She also served as a program examiner with the Housing, Treasury, & Finance Division within the Treasury Branch and as a legislative analyst handling Justice and Treasury policies while at OMB. In addition, Schroeder is on the District of Columbia’s Advisory Board for St. John’s Community Services.

She holds a bachelor of arts from Washington and Lee University, where she majored in Public Policy, and received her MPA from Syracuse University’s Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs. 

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Reports & Publications

November 15, 2012

The Impact of the Fiscal Cliff on the States

The state impact of the fiscal cliff’s expiring federal tax provisions and scheduled spending cuts is missing from the national discussion. This study finds that the effects on the states vary greatly based on the extent

March 1, 2012

Reducing the Deficit by Increasing Individual Income Tax Rates

This paper, written by the Tax Policy Center and sponsored by the Pew Fiscal Analysis Initiative, builds on previous work by examining whether raising just the top two or three individual income tax rates alone could put the debt on a sustainable path and what the rates would be under several different scenarios.

February 6, 2012

Implications of Different Bases for a VAT

Policy makers have discussed, and will likely continue to debate, the merits of implementing a value-added tax (VAT) as one option for reforming the tax system and/or addressing the federal budget deficit. This paper, written by the Tax Policy Center (TPC) and sponsored by the Pew Fiscal Analysis Initiative, examines the impacts of different VAT bases and how they vary among income and age groups. The analysis considers how different tax bases affect the VAT rate needed to reduce the deficit by 2 percent in 2015, its distributional burden, and effective marginal tax rates on different income sources.

February 1, 2012

Five Long-Term Unemployment Questions

This new series of charts illustrates different dimensions of the U.S. unemployment challenge, such as who make up the long-term unemployed population, where the long-term unemployed are located, and whether workers are being laid off permanently or temporarily.

January 24, 2012

Using a VAT to Reform the Income Tax

This paper is designed to help policy makers better understand the impact of a VAT if used to simplify the tax system. It analyzes a proposal by Michael Graetz, a Columbia University law professor and tax expert, that would introduce a VAT and reform the individual and corporate income tax systems.

November 21, 2011

Using a VAT for Deficit Reduction

This paper is designed to help policy makers better understand the impact of a VAT if used for deficit reduction. It compares adoption of a new VAT and higher income tax rates as alternative strategies for raising revenue to reduce the deficit. It looks at these two options in isolation from other policies such as spending cuts that also could contribute to deficit reduction and would allow for a lower VAT or smaller income-tax increases.

November 15, 2011

The Pew Budget Challenge

Tough choices are required to solve the debt crisis, as the Super Committee knows. Can you make them? Find out by taking the Pew Budget Challenge! Choose from more than 100 spending and tax policy options to reduce the national debt to a sustainable level of 60 percent of the GDP in the next 10 years.

 

October 11, 2011

Ten Charts Essential to Understanding the Federal Debt

The Pew Fiscal Analysis Initiative looks at challenges facing the Joint Select Committee on Deficit Reduction by identifying policy decisions that have most significantly contributed to the nation’s debt crisis.

June 30, 2011

The Costs and Benefits of Housing Tax Subsidies

Research has attributed many economic and social costs and benefits to housing.  This study assesses one very targeted component of this complex issue--the fiscal costs and benefits of the housing subsidies that currently exist in the U.S. income tax system and the impact of several alternatives.  This analysis was commissioned by the Pew Fiscal Analysis Initiative and Subsidyscope—projects designed to inform the policy debate with non-partisan facts and analysis.  Pew has no position on this issue.  

April 15, 2011

Capitol Freeze: Fiscal Effects of Discretionary Spending Caps

The Pew Fiscal Analysis Initiative finds that the savings from recently proposed freezes would range widely, from $377 billion to $1.5 trillion over the next decade, depending on what they include and their timing. To better illustrate the savings from various proposals, Pew also created an online, interactive calculator to accompany the report that lets users set a variety of discretionary spending freeze parameters and immediately see their effect on the federal deficit and debt.

November 9, 2010

Social Security Shortfall Warrants Action Soon

Social Security’s trustees estimate insolvency by 2037, a conclusion some have questioned. But in a new paper commissioned by Pew, bipartisan experts agree that the Social Security shortfall is real and that policymakers should act soon to fix it.

September 30, 2010

No Silver Bullet: Paths for Reducing the Federal Debt

America’s federal debt is on a dangerous trajectory and, if no changes are made to federal spending and revenue, the U.S. debt will soon reach 95 percent of annual GDP. A new study by Pew’s Fiscal Analysis Initiative, No Silver Bullet, details what it will take to get the nation’s debt levels back on track and offers possible options moving forward. 

June 24, 2010

Decision Time: The Fiscal Effects of Extending the 2001 and 2003 Tax Cuts

The income tax cuts of 2001 were enacted when the federal budget was running a surplus. The tax cuts of 2003, designed to boost the economy as it was showing signs of weakness, were approved before the federal debt rose to the top of the national agenda. Both sets of cuts are scheduled to expire at the end of 2010, and in the coming months Congress and the administration will have to decide whether to extend them at a time when the debt is climbing steadily but the economy remains fragile.

(Click "Summary" to view the September 2, 2010 Addendum to the report.)

April 5, 2010

A Year or More: The High Cost of Long-Term Unemployment

Twenty-three percent of America’s unemployed have been jobless for a year or longer according to a study by the Pew Economic Policy Group. The report finds that having so many people of out of work for so long has had a significant impact on the federal budget.

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November 16, 2012

Pew: “Fiscal Cliff” to Impact States’ Budgets

The “fiscal cliff,” a series of expiring federal tax provisions and scheduled spending cuts set to take effect in January 2013, will directly affect state budgets according to a new report, The Impact of the Fiscal Cliff on the States, released today by The Pew Center on the States.

May 15, 2012

Long-Term Unemployment Struggles Plague Florida, Nation

Ingrid Schroeder, director of the Pew Fiscal Analysis Initiative, is quoted in an article about the impact of job loss and long-term unemployment in Florida.

February 2, 2012

How the Decline in U.S. Manufacturing Makes Job Recoveries More Difficult

A blog post in The Washington Post's Wonkblog about the data in a series of charts on unemployment by the Pew Fiscal Analysis Initiative.

November 4, 2011

No Relief for Long-Term Unemployed

A CNN Money article highlights the latest update to the Pew Fiscal Analysis Initiative report "A Year or More: The High Cost of Long-Term Unemployment."

November 4, 2011

Jobless Rate Inches Down to 9%

A Philadelphia Inquirer article about the slight improvement in the overall job numbers highlights data found in the latest update to the Pew Fiscal Analysis Initiative report "A Year or More: The High Cost of Long-Term Unemployment".

October 25, 2011

What Happens if the ‘Supercommittee’ Fails, in One Chart

A Washington Post article about the problems the country might face if Joint Select Committee on Deficit Reduction fails to reach an agreement on addressing the national  debt features a chart provided by the Pew Fiscal Analysis Initiative.

October 12, 2011

Chart of the Day: Did Tax Cuts or Spending Cause the Deficit (or Both)?

The Atlantic's Chart of the Day features an item from the Pew Fiscal Analyis Initiative release "10 Essential Fiscal Charts".

April 15, 2011

Pew Study: Discretionary Spending Freeze Proposals’ Estimates Range from $377 Billion Up to $1.5 Trillion By 2021

A new report by the Pew Fiscal Analysis Initiative finds that the savings from recently proposed discretionary spending freezes would range widely, from $377 billion to $1.5 trillion over the next decade. "Capitol Freeze: Fiscal Effects of Discretionary Spending Caps" also notes that without any action, the federal debt will continue to rise to unprecedented levels.

November 9, 2010

Bipartisan Experts Agree that Social Security Shortfall Exists; Congress Should Act Soon To Fix It

Social Security’s trustees estimate insolvency by 2037, a conclusion some have questioned. But in a new paper commissioned by Pew, bipartisan experts agree that the Social Security shortfall is real and that policymakers should act soon to fix it.

September 30, 2010

Pew Study Finds Curbing Federal Debt Easier with Both Spending Cuts and Tax Hikes

A new study by the Pew Fiscal Analysis Initiative projects that without significant revenue increases or spending reductions, the federal debt will climb to the unprecedented level of 132 percent of annual gross domestic product (GDP)—or $54 trillion—by 2035.  Some policy makers suggest that the solution to this alarming trend is to simply raise taxes without cutting spending, while others argue the opposite.  No Silver Bullet: Paths for Reducing the Federal Debt, illustrates the difficulty of solving the nation’s debt problem by relying exclusively on any single approach. 

May 24, 2010

Pew Report: Permanent Extensions of Tax Cuts Would Sharply Increase National Debt

Extending the 2001 and 2003 federal income tax cuts would sharply increase the national debt, even if extensions are limited to individuals earning below $200,000, as proposed in the administration’s budget, according to a new report by the Pew Economic Policy Group.

May 24, 2010

Pew Report: Permanent Extensions of Tax Cuts Would Sharply Increase National Debt

Extending the 2001 and 2003 federal income tax cuts would sharply increase the national debt, even if extensions are limited to individuals earning below $200,000, as proposed in the administration’s budget, according to a new report by the Pew Economic Policy Group.

April 6, 2010

Unemployment: More Than 3 Million Americans Jobless for Longer Than a Year, an All-Time High

An article on the Huffington Post cites the report "A Year or More: The High Cost of Long-Term Unemployment" from the Pew Fiscal Analysis Initiative. 

April 5, 2010

One in Five U.S. Jobless Are Unemployed After a Year, Pew Says

An article from Bloomberg cites the Pew Fiscal Analysis Initiative report: "A Year or More: The High Cost of Long-Term Unemployment".

April 5, 2010

Nearly a Quarter of All Unemployed Americans Jobless For a Year or More – A Post-War High

Twenty-three percent of America’s unemployed have been jobless for a year or longer, the highest rate since World War II, according to a study released today by the Pew Economic Policy Group. The report, A Year or More: The High Cost of Long-Term Unemployment, finds that this trend cuts across nearly every industry and occupation, and affects people of all ages and educational backgrounds.

April 5, 2010

Nearly a Quarter of All Unemployed Americans Jobless For a Year or More – A Post-War High

Twenty-three percent of America’s unemployed have been jobless for a year or longer, the highest rate since World War II, according to a study released today by the Pew Economic Policy Group. The report, A Year or More: The High Cost of Long-Term Unemployment, finds that this trend cuts across nearly every industry and occupation, and affects people of all ages and educational backgrounds.

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