On Aug. 7, The Pew Charitable Trusts submitted comments to the U.S. Department of Agriculture on the agency’s efforts to collect information on goat health, nutrition, management, antimicrobial stewardship, and antibiotic resistance patterns through the National Animal Health Monitoring System (NAHMS).
Pew encourages the agency to begin the planned data collection as quickly as possible, explore ways of incentivizing participation, and collect data on the use of antibiotics and alternatives to antibiotics, as well as resistance data.
Dr. Jack Shere, DVM, PhD
Chief Veterinary Officer
U.S. Department of Agriculture
1400 Independence Avenue, S.W.
Washington, D.C. 20250
RE: Notice of Request for Reinstatement of an Information Collection; National Animal Health
Monitoring System; Goat 2019 Study [Docket No. APHIS-2018-0029]
Dear Dr. Shere:
The Pew Charitable Trusts (Pew) strongly supports the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)’s efforts to
collect information on goat health, nutrition, management, antimicrobial stewardship, and antibiotic resistance
patterns through the National Animal Health Monitoring System (NAHMS). Pew encourages the agency to
commence the planned data collection as quickly as possible, to provide participation incentives in the form of
free resistance and individual animal testing, and to include the use of vaccines and other antibiotic alternatives as
well as antimicrobial use and resistance in the data collection effort.
Pew is an independent non-partisan research organization which applies a rigorous, analytical approach to
improve public policy, inform the public and stimulate civic life. In our work on antibiotic resistance, we seek to
reduce the inappropriate use of antibiotics in human healthcare and animal agriculture and to foster innovation in
Pew fully supports USDA’s NAHMS program and makes the following recommendations to further strengthen
the data collection efforts for the Goat 2019 study:
- Commence the data collection efforts as quickly as possible. USDA’s NAHMS surveys are a unique,
nationally representative data source on animal health and management as well as antibiotic stewardship
practices, and offer valuable insights into the U.S. animal agricultural industries. The last NAHMS Goat
study was conducted in 2009. Therefore, recent changes to industry practices, such as those brought about
by full implementation of FDA’s Guidance for Industry 213, which ended growth promotion uses of
medically important antibiotics and placed remaining feed and water uses under veterinary oversight, are
not reflected in the available data and new data collection efforts are needed to assess changes in and
accurately capture industry practices.
- Maximize voluntary participation through established incentives and explore other ways to create
value for participating organizations. Producer participation in the voluntary NAHMS surveys is
vitally important to the program’s success, and dependent on participants’ recognition of the value
provided by the program. As clearly outlined in the ‘Needs Assessment Survey Results’ for the Goat 2019
The Pew Charitable Trusts Comments regarding Docket No. APHIS-2018-0029 2 / 2
study, goat producers consistently ranked resistance testing of pathogens and individual animal testing as
the top participation incentives. Collecting these data as part of the Goat 2019 study and reporting
individual testing results back to the participating operation will provide value for producers, encourage
their participation, and ultimately enhance the data collection efforts. In addition, the agency should
continue to explore ways in which the collected data can provide value to participating organizations, for
instance by allowing participants to benchmark their operations.
- Collect data on the use of antimicrobial drugs and their alternatives as well resistance data. As
clearly outlined in the ‘Needs Assessment Survey Results’ for the Goat 2019 study, goat producers regard
antimicrobial use and resistance as one of their key concerns. Data on the use of antimicrobial drugs and
their alternatives as well as resistance data are foundational for the development and evaluation of
stewardship practices to reduce the need for antibiotics, with the ultimate goal of containing the
emergence of antimicrobial resistance. The collected data should be nationally representative, timely and
reflective of current use practices, as well as detailed and specific. NAHMS surveys provide an important
mechanism to collect these data, and Pew supports the efforts of USDA as well as FDA and CDC to
improve and harmonize national data collection efforts in the United States and appreciates the various
outreach efforts the agencies have engaged in to solicit stakeholder comments on this important topic.
Pew supports the NAHMS program as an important tool to collect information on animal health and antibiotic
stewardship, appreciates the opportunity to comment on this important topic, and would value the opportunity for
Karin Hoelzer, DVM, Ph.D.
Senior Officer, Health Programs
The Pew Charitable Trusts