Notes: The 49-state median excludes New Hampshire, which did not provide data.

Nominal spending data for fiscal 2010–15 were converted to 2015 dollars using the Implicit Price Deflator for Gross Domestic Product included in the Bureau of Economic Analysis’ National Income and Product Accounts. 

North Dakota did not report spending data for fiscal year 2010.

In Louisiana, beginning in fiscal 2014, off-site medical costs were included in the Department of Correction’s budget, rather than Louisiana State University’s. This shift resulted in a $20 million (44 percent) increase in health care spending by the department from fiscal 2013 to fiscal 2014 and contributed to the department’s reported per-inmate health care spending increase from fiscal 2010 to fiscal 2015.

(See Appendix C, Table C.3 for state data.)