Source: Pew analysis of statutes, documents, and interviews.

Evidence-based  policymaking actions

To attain advanced status, a state must have:

To attain minimum status, a state must have:

Report outcomes in the budget

Inclusion of research on the effectiveness of specific program(s) in official budget materials*

Inclusion of key outcomes† in official budget materials

Target funds to evidence-based programs

An official document prioritizes at least 50 percent of program funds to evidence-based programs

An official document prioritizes funding to at least one evidence-based program and/or demonstrates that at least 10 percent of programming is evidence-based‡

Require action through state law

State laws require at least two advanced actions or five minimum actions noted above in a single policy area

State laws require at least one advanced action or two minimum actions noted above in a single policy area

* Research must include a citation or specify rigorous methods used (e.g., replication, control group, cost-benefit analysis).

† Key outcomes vary by policy area: (1) behavioral health: hospital re-admissions, relapse, suicide rates, reported substance use; (2) child welfare: permanency, maltreatment, out-of-home placement; (3) criminal and juvenile justice: recidivism, employment, and out-of-home placement (juvenile only).

‡ Document (grants, provider/contract guidelines, memorandums of understanding, agency directives, budget items, or other formal funding requirements) must prioritize one or more evidence-based programs or require recipient to defend evidence behind program selection; or the state can demonstrate that at least 10 percent of program funds, clients, programs, staff, or practices are going to evidence-based programs.