Joseph E. Craft, M.D.

Title
Paul B. Beeson Professor of Medicine
Department
Department of Internal Medicine
Institution
Yale University
Address
300 Cedar Street
541D TAC
City, State, Zip
New Haven, CT 06520-8031
Phone
(203) 737-1146
E-mail
joseph.craft[at]yale.edu
Website
http://immunobiology.yale.edu/people/joseph_craft.profile
Research Field
Immunology
Award Year
1985

Research

We have a longstanding interest in dissecting the pathogenesis of systemic autoimmunity, focusing upon the activation and differentiation of CD4 T effector cell subsets in mice and in humans. Our lab has characterized CD4 T cells that help B cells in lupus and in conventional immune responses, with the idea that information gleaned from the latter studies could be applied to our understanding of autoimmunity. In recent work, we have begun to define the transcription factors critical for the development and function of CD4 T cells that help B cells, with ongoing studies aimed at further investigating these cells developmentally, and dissecting the mechanisms that lead to their effector function in autoimmunity and inflammation. Related work involves characterization of gamma delta and natural IL-17-producing CD4 T cells, including the recent description of the latter that develop thymically following selection by self-antigen and that migrate to the gut for presumed effector and/or regulatory function. Ongoing studies are targeted towards identification of the developmental pathways of CD4 T cells that provide B cell help and that promote inflammation, and dissection of their potential to promote autoimmunity and inflammation.