The federal-state relationship is in the spotlight because of enormous fiscal challenges facing all levels of government. Tight budgets and a weak recovery in the wake of the Great Recession are leading to discussions about appropriate amounts of public spending and how costs should be allocated among local, state, and national government. Federal and state policy makers require solid data and analysis to engage in a meaningful debate and truly understand how their tax and spending policies affect other levels of government.
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The U.S. government funds a wide range of activities, including education, transportation, and health care, in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. Of the more than $145 billion in discretionary federal grants provided in fiscal year 2016, at least 9.1 percent is proposed for elimination in the budget blueprint for fiscal 2018 President Donald Trump released in March, according to the... Read More
On Oct. 8, 2016, Hurricane Matthew made landfall on the U.S. Atlantic coast, damaging communities from Florida to Virginia. Federal officials declared major disasters in five states, setting in motion an intergovernmental response that would eventually involve 23 federal agencies while states activated their own efforts to deal with the aftermath. As North Carolina Emergency Management Agency... Read More
Many recent tax reform proposals have included changes to two provisions that apply to nearly all federal filers—the standard deduction and personal exemption. Revisions to these could affect not only federal revenue and filers, but also several states that incorporate them into tax calculations. Read More