Delaware County, Ohio
The Delaware General Health District

The Delaware General Health District conducted an HIA of the proposed 350,000-square-foot Simon Property Group and Tanger Outlets Premium Outlet Mall to be built on approximately 50 acres in Berkshire Township, Ohio. Because of the planned development’s very large geographic footprint in a mostly rural area with access to a nearby interstate, residents expressed concerns about the traffic capacity of the existing interchange and rural roads. The HIA also explored potential health impacts related to increased opportunities for walking to and within the development site and improved connectivity to existing walking and biking trails.

The HIA found that the Premium Outlet Mall development has the potential to improve health in Berkshire Township through increased opportunities for physical activity, provided that connectivity recommendations are taken into consideration and implemented in a future township Comprehensive Plan. The HIA also found that increased traffic around the development could contribute to an increase in motor vehicle injuries and fatalities.

The HIA recommended that the outlet mall plan adopt Complete Streets policies, traffic-calming measures, and other street-design standards to create safe roadways for all users; a bike-transit integration study to create sustainable mobility to and around the proposed mall, increase accessibility, and promote active transportation; adequate lighting on roadways, along trails, and in green space; the installation of emergency call boxes or cameras, in addition to regular policing; and healthy community design features such as tobacco-free policies and providing healthy food and beverage options in the mall area.

This effort is part of the National Association of County and City Health Officials Health Impact Assessment Mentorship Project. The mentors were Andrea Hamberg and Brendon Haggerty of the Oregon Health Authority.

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At A Glance

Completion Date
2014, January
Built Environment
Organization Type
Government Agency
One year