Ocean Conservancy Applauds Adoption of Shark Conservation Act
US Congress moves to close loopholes in national finning ban and forbid removal of shark fins at sea
Washington, DC - Today, the House Natural Resources Committee approved the "Shark Conservation Act of 2008." H.R. 5741, offered by Chairwoman Madeleine Bordallo (D-Guam), aims to end shark "finning" - the wasteful practice of slicing off a shark's valuable fins and discarding the body at sea. Ocean Conservancy strongly supported the original bill and an amendment to prohibit the removal of shark fins at sea which was introduced today by Congressman Faleomavaega (D-American Samoa) and approved by the Committee.
The Act would strengthen the U.S. finning ban by closing enforcement loopholes, encouraging other countries to adopt shark conservation programs, and establishing a process that would ultimately allow for sanctions against countries that do not. The prohibition on the removal of shark fins at sea, added through the amendment, is the most reliable means of ensuring a finning ban accomplishes the intended goal. A "fins-attached" strategy is also key to helping scientists and enforcement agents determine the species of sharks retained in fisheries, data that are essential for assessing populations and enforcing species-specific protections.
"The changes proposed in H.R. 5741 are necessary to ensure proper enforcement of our national finning ban and to bolster U.S. efforts to promote international shark conservation," said Sonja Fordham, Shark Conservation Program Director for Ocean Conservancy. "Because the demand for shark fins is strong, an incentive to fin sharks remains. In most other countries and in international waters, finning bans serve as sharks' only safeguards. Most shark populations are in decline; many are threatened with extinction. All of these factors make proper enforcement of existing finning bans and encouragement of international conservation measures imperative. We thank Chairwoman Bordallo and Congressman Faleomaveaga for their leadership in this important initiative to improve the status of these valuable yet vulnerable animals."
To learn more about Ocean Conservancy and efforts to help protect our ocean visit: www.oceanconservancy.org.
Notes for editors:
Shark fins, sought for the Asian delicacy shark fin soup are among the world's most valuable fishery products. The discrepancy between high value fins and lower value meat creates an economic incentive to take just the fins. Demand for shark fins is a driving force in shark fisheries, most of which are unsustainable. Finning was banned in the U.S. Atlantic in 1993; the Shark Finning Prohibition Act of 2000 established a national prohibition on the practice. Loopholes in the law have hampered enforcement while many fishing nations continue to allow finning.
Ocean Conservancy has been actively engaged in national and international shark conservation efforts for nearly two decades. Ms. Fordham was a leading proponent of the 1993 U.S. Atlantic finning ban, the Shark Finning Prohibition Act of 2000, and the first international shark finning ban in 2004, as well as multiple domestic management plans and international actions for sharks.